Bible Study 3-10-2020
The Sarkinos / Sarkikos Man
During our study, we have identified three different Greek words describing
three different types of persons mentioned in the Bible during the church age.
• In (1Cor. 2:14) Psuchikos (unsaved) Man.
• In (1Cor. 3:1-3) Sarkikos (saved) Man.
• In (1 Cor. 2:14) Pneumatikos Man.
In this study, we’ll look at three aspects of the Sarkinos Man from (1 Cor.3:1-3)
In (1 Cor.2:14-15) Paul contrasted Psuchikos (unsaved) Man to the Pneumatikos (saved) Man.
In (1 Cor.3:1-3) Then he contrasted Pneumatikos to the Sarkinos and the Sarkikos Man.
1. Two different Greek words are used to describe two negative sides of the Sarkikos Man.
In (1 Cor. 3:1), the first Greek word used is sarkinos. It is translated carnal in the English (KJV),
men of flesh (NAS), worldly (NIV). The Greek suffix (inos) means the material, source, or origin
is sarx (flesh or Old Sin-Nature (OSN) or fleshy, unspiritual.
In (1 Cor.3:3), the second Greek is sarkikos. It is translated carnal in (KJV), fleshly in (NAS), and
worldly in (NIV). The Greek suffix (ikos) means belonging to the sarx – Old Sin-Nature (OSN) or
the characteristics produced from the OSN (fleshly, anti-spiritual).
• Point: The Greek root word is sarx or flesh or OSN. Sarx is used to teach that the OSN is
given at physical birth and remains until physical death (flesh).
• Point: Sarx is used to describe the theology of the origin of the OSN as a result of Adam’s
original sin (AOS). We refer to it as Inherent sin (OSN) (Psalm 51:5) (Ephesians 2:1-3) (1 John
• Point: the Greek suffixes attached to sarx show the source of personal sin and carnality in the
Christian way of life (CWL).
2. Paul used the comparative particle (hos) [as] three times to illustrate the problem of sarkinos
(1 Cor.3:1) “And I, brethren, could not (dunamai / a.p.ind. 1ps) speak (laleo / a.a.infin) to you as
(hos) to spiritual men (pneumatikos), but as (alla hos) to men of flesh (sarkinos), as (hos) to
infants (nepios) in Christ.”
• Could not speak to you (hindrance to spiritual growth) – (as) pneumatikos (spiritual).
• (But as) – sarkinos (carnal, men of flesh, worldly).
• (As to) – Nepios (infants in Christ, spiritual immature in the word of God).
Point: Pneumatikos believers who choose to gratify the lust of their OSN with personal sin
become sarkinos (fleshy, men of flesh, or carnal). It is a sign of the stage of spiritual immaturity
(nepios in Christ).
3. Sarkikos emphasizes that the source of lust gratification to personal sin in Christian Way of
Life (CWL) is the believer’s Old Sin Nature (OSN).
For the Church Age Believer (CAB), the issue is to stop being a slave to the OSN.
Paul gave three warnings to the Church Age Believer (CAB) about the OSN (Rom.6:6-7;
As a Sarkikos Man, we have been freed from slavery to our OSN according to Romans 6:18,
22, and we are commanded to walk by means of the Indwelling Holy Spirit according to Gal.
(Gal.5:16-17) “But I say walk (peripateo (p.a.impv.2pl) by the Spirit (pneuma / inst.sn), and you
will not carry out (me teleo / a.a.subj.2pl) the desires (epithumia / asf) of the flesh (sarx / gsf).
For the flesh sets its desire (epithumeo / p.a.ind.3ps) against the Spirit, and the Spirit against
the flesh; for these are in opposition (antikeimai / p.m.ind.3ps) to one another, so that you may
not do the things you please.”
• The Protocol: Walk by Holy Spirit
• The Promise: Will not carry out the lusts of the OSN
• The Problem: Warfare internally between OSN and Indwelling Holy Spirit